The spectrum factor is a huge thing in the current generation thats predominantly in love with anything that's online on the Internet. That being said, this is only meant for mobile devices with spectrums determining the kind of speed users will get when accessing the net from their devices.
Since the first real introduction of the General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) system in 2000, both consumers and carriers have been hoping for higher data rates in mobile networks.
With the popularity of the still popular 3G speed and the newly introduced 4G LTE technology, the desire to further increase data rates for cellular communications networks has been a primary motto, and also probably the biggest motivations behind the currently ongoing 5G research.
As far as India is concerned, as reported, Finnish telecom giant Nokia and Japan's NTT Docomo are currently planning to work jointly on research in fifth generation (5G) technologies.
Nokia says that this new move is based on the memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed by the two companies in January 2014 to research future radio access experimental systems.
However, if you are thinking about getting the 5G technology as soon as possible, you will be majorly dissapointed since the deployment of 5G networks is expected to occur sometime in the future, probably by 2020. However, engineers are researching 5G technologies today.
But if you are indeed to look into the 5G technology in this age and time, what kind of spectrum and speed-related features can you expect from the future of mobile data? Here are the top 5 expectations for 5G that we currently have.
Spectral and Speed Efficiency
While we understand that this is a more technical subject that we are dealing with here, to put it in simple words, expect speed. More speed that both the 3G and 4G technologies combined.
As time goes, the market, that's so much based on smartphones running on high speed Internet connections, will see improvements and demanding requirements for spectral efficiency. We are guessing that the first hurdle that the new 5G technology will face will be in the deployment cost domain as the cost per area ratio has to be maintained for effective speed in all locations.
Changes to Network Architecture
The network architecture that we first saw back in 2000 with GPRS, it goes without saying, has gotten old with time. Now with the release of the new 4G tech, that architecture has been effectively changed to support more new advancements related to big MIMO (Multiple-input and multiple-output) and other new physical layers.
Once the architecture changes even more for the introduction of 5G, which is way beyond our wildest imaginations, engineers will have more options in their hand to play around with a technology that was once considered massively futuristic.
Reaching Out With More Spectral Availability
If you have been reading up on the spectrums and how they work out in recent times, you will know that the spectrum for mobile communication is only focused on frequency ranges below 6 GHz. However, with more advancements made in this sector, users will soon look for spectrum above 10 GHz.
That being said, the expectations can also potentially shoot up to 100 GHz to meet requirements that will surely be generated in 2020-2030. However, with the spectrum then becoming more flexible, we can expect more speeds for all the sectors.
Less Power Consumption
This one is important as this will determine how much battery you need to burn to run the technology effectively on your handset. More and more companies are currently working toward keeping power consumption for mobile networks at a minimum.
However, with 5G all those battery consumption issues are expected to be pushed away with a more power-friendly radio access and data rate.
One Last Word
The 5G technology, although still a dream among nerds and enthusiasts alike for better Internet speeds, is expected to offer optimized performance, apart from the regular spectral advancements.
And going by the kind of speed we have attained in shifting from one generation of technology to the other, provided we have enough research in grounds of millimeter wave, the 5G technology could turn out to be more than just a dream in a few years.