The US space agency has teamed up with Microsoft to develop a new software that will enable scientists to work on Mars virtually using a wearable technology called Microsoft HoloLens.
Developed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, the software called OnSight will give researchers a means to plan and, along with the Mars Curiosity rover, conduct science operations on the Red Planet, the US space agency said in a statement.
"OnSight gives our rover scientists the ability to walk around and explore Mars right from their offices," said Dave Lavery, program executive for the Mars Science Laboratory mission at NASA Headquarters in Washington, DC.
OnSight will use real rover data and extend the Curiosity mission's existing planning tools by creating a 3D simulation of the Martian environment where scientists around the world can meet.
Program scientists will be able to examine the rover's worksite from a first-person perspective, plan new activities and preview the results of their work firsthand.
"We believe OnSight will enhance the ways in which we explore Mars and share that journey of exploration with the world," added Jeff Norris, JPL's OnSight project manager.
Until now, rover operations required scientists to examine Mars imagery on a computer screen and make inferences about what they are seeing.
But images, even 3D stereo views, lack a natural sense of depth that human vision employs to understand spatial relationships.
The OnSight system uses holographic computing to overlay visual information and rover data into the user's field of view.
Holographic computing blends a view of the physical world with computer-generated imagery to create a hybrid of real and virtual.
To view this holographic realm, members of the Curiosity mission team don a Microsoft HoloLens device, which surrounds them with images from the rover's Martian field site.
They then can stroll around the rocky surface or crouch down to examine rocky outcrops from different angles.
The tool provides access to scientists and engineers looking to interact with Mars in a more natural, human way.
"Previously, our Mars explorers have been stuck on one side of a computer screen. This tool gives them the ability to explore the rover's surroundings much as an Earth geologist would do field work here on our planet," Norris pointed out.
The OnSight tool also will be useful for planning rover operations.
For example, scientists can program activities for many of the rover's science instruments by looking at a target and using gestures to select menu commands, the statement concluded.