Country's second largest telecom operator Vodafone India has asked the government for immediate allocation of spectrum that it won in the February auction.
The company has also sought extension of the spectrum's validity by six months from the date of allocation.
"Vodafone India has formally requested the DoT and regulator TRAI for immediate allotment of the 1800MHz spectrum, which it had won in auctions. Only 7 weeks are left, when as per DoT, the presently deployed spectrum in 900 MHz is to be replaced by 900MHz won in auctions," Vodafone said in an media advisory note.
Telecom companies, which won spectrum in the auction and paid for it in the first week of March, are yet to be assigned radiowave frequencies that are used for transmitting mobile signals.
Vodafone's licences for telecom services in Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata are due to expire in November for which it had to buy spectrum afresh to continue operations. Similarly, Airtel's permit in Delhi and Kolkata are expiring same month.
"Despite several reminders, the spectrum has not been earmarked till now," Vodafone said.
Vodafone Group Chief Vittorio Colao and its India unit Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer Marten Pieters had met Telecom Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad to discuss the spectrum issue.
The company said spectrum allocation matter is in a critical situation and may have "repercussions bigger than any other quality of service issue seen in the history of mobile telecom in India".
Vodafone had over 91 lakh mobile subscribers in Delhi, 77 lakh in Mumbai and 47 lakh in Kolkata in July.
Both the companies are required to use new set of frequencies in place of their existing spectrum.
Vodafone had won spectrum in 1800 Mhz band, widely known as 2G spectrum, and 900 Mhz, in which mobile signals cover about 2 times more area compared to 1800 Mhz band.
"This changeover under normal circumstances could take at least 6 months after the earmarking of frequencies. DoT is also on record saying that looking at the technical and implementation issues, it is observed that 6 months period may not be sufficient to migrate the network from 900 MHz to 1800 MHz band on extension of licences," Vodafone said.
The company said that under the current situation, with very little time left and spectrum frequencies not assigned on the prescribed date is bound to considerably impact services despite best efforts by the company round the clock.
"The public cannot afford any loss of service because of these changeovers not getting completed due to non-earmarking of spectrum in 1800 MHz band by DoT," Vodafone said.