Smartphone camera terms you should know

    There are parameters that one should keep in mind while testing a smartphone camera.

    By GizBot Bureau

    The quiet moments of joy that made life it was may not be something you can create, again and again, the warmth you felt may not be something you can recreate but what you can do is capture those moments and go to them again so that you don’t forget them.

    Smartphone camera terms you should know


    While not all of us can shell out the big bucks by plucking it out of our tree made of money, we can still take wonderful pictures with the help of the great cameras that phones nowadays come equipped with. But all cameras are not made equal when choosing your phone, one should consider a few parameters before zeroing in on the camera that you intend to use.

    Megapixel (MP)

    This is obviously the first thing that comes to anyone's mind when the talk becomes about a smartphone camera. It stands for millions of pixels and an image is made up of tiny units that are called pixels (1MP means one million pixels). The higher the number of megapixels in a camera, the better the image the camera can produce.

    Aperture (f/stop)

    The aperture is a hole in the camera. While the pupil in our eyes controls the amount of light that can get through the lens and the camera sensor. It is represented as f/1.5, f/2.4 and so on. A lower aperture value means that more light can pass through the lens.

    Optical image stabilization

    Moving lens elements and a gyroscope sensor is taken advantage of to move the lens module sideways or up and down in order to counter the moments of the camera that is recorded by the gyroscopic sensor. Taking pictures in a low light or recording videos can be much easier with these features to help you out.

    Shutter speed

    The shutter speed helps to control the brightness of an image. You can get brighter images if your shutter speed is slower, this feature is especially helpful if you happen to be taking pictures in condition with a lesser light.


    The sensitivity your camera has for light is determined by ISO. You can get better-looking photos even in low light conditions.

    The image sensitivity ratings for cameras are governed by ISO which stands for International Standards Organization.

    Depth of field

    The Depth of field means the area in an image that is in focus. If an image has everything in focus, that means, it has a deeper depth of field. And if an image only has its foreground or only the background in focus, that means that it has a shallow depth of field.


    When the conditions are well lit, all smartphones are capable of taking fantastic pictures. But when taking a low-light photograph, most of the camera fails, the advantage of camera flash comes into play during these conditions.

    The two types of flash that are available are called LED and True Tone LED. The first one is the one that is mostly used in budget and mid-range smartphones. True Tone LED is a combination of white and amber LED and is available in modern high-end smartphones.

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