Cuba says it's expanding Internet access by adding Wi-Fi capacity to dozens of state-run Internet centres and more than halving the cost that users pay for an hour online.
The announcement published in today's edition of the newspaper Juventud Rebelde is the first significant expansion of the Internet in Cuba since President Barack Obama said on December 17 that the communist government had told him it would give its people more access as part of a historic detente between the Cold War enemies.
The spokesman for Cuba's state communications company told the newspaper that 35 government computer centers around the country would have Wi-Fi starting next month, and the price of one hour online would drop to USD 2 from USD 4.50 now.
That price remains unaffordable for most Cubans but the change would represent a significant improvement in access for many people. Home Internet remains illegal for most of the Cuban population and online access at offices with Internet is highly limited and controlled.
Until now, the only Wi-Fi network has been at tourist hotels at hourly prices that represent nearly a quarter of the average monthly salary for Cubans. "The internet space is opening up here and I think this is a significant step," said Norges Rodriguez, a blogger and telecommunications engineer in Havana.
"A year or two ago, we didn't have anything like this." Cuba's lack of internet access remains dire, he pointed out, saying thirty-five new Wi-Fi points would be insignificant in any other country in the hemisphere.
Critics say Cuba's lack of connectivity is due largely to its fear that the internet will catalyze social unrest. The Cuban government blames the US embargo on the island and has publicly expressed its intention to expand access for its citizens. There have been hints of the government following through slowly on that promise in recent months.
The state communications monopoly, ETECSA, has experimented with a temporary price cut to USD 2, and the artist Kcho garnered much attention by opening a free, government-sanctioned Wi-F connection for the public at his Havana arts center.
Making the price cut permanent, and adding dozens of Wi-Fi hotspotx allowing people to use their own smartphones, tablets and laptops at state centers instead of antiquated government computers, would be a notable step in making online life easier in one of the world's least-connected countries.
Many Cubans, particularly young people in the capital, are as technologically adept as their peers in more-connected countries, despite severe limits on their ability to obtain technology.